What is IVF?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a medicine and science assisted sequence of activities in order to make the pregnancy and healthy child birth successful. Question airising out of it might be “Did it really become that hard to be a parent?”. With the right partner on your side – not at all.
How does IVF work?
IVF stands for in vitro fertilization. It’s one of the more widely known types of assisted reproductive technology (ART). IVF works by using a combination of medicines and surgical procedures to help sperm fertilize an egg, and help the fertilized egg implant into uterus.
First, medication that makes several of eggs mature is taken, making it ready for fertilization. Then the doctor takes the eggs out of the patient’s body and mixes them with a sperm in a lab, to help the sperm fertilize the eggs. Then 1 or more fertilized eggs (embryos) are put directly into uterus cavity. Procedure itself is absolutely painfree. Pregnancy happens if any of the embryos implant in the lining of uterus.
IVF has many steps, and it takes all of them to complete the whole process. It is a journey towards new life, demanding in some points but most rewarding in the end. IVF definitely increases your chances of pregnancy if you’re having fertility problems, for which the highly selceted team of experts stands firmly.
What’s the IVF process?
The first step in IVF is taking fertility medications to help ovaries produce several eggs that are mature and ready for fertilization. This is called ovulation induction. Patient may have to get regular ultrasounds or blood tests to measure your hormone levels and keep track of your egg production. Having good insight and control over the process is a good way to success.
Once the ovaries have produced enough mature eggs, your doctor removes the eggs from your body (this is called egg retrieval). Egg retrieval is a minor surgical procedure that’s done at your doctor’s office or at a fertility clinic. Under controled environment and also painfree.
You’ll get medicine to help you be relaxed and comfortable during the procedure. Using an ultrasound to see inside your body, the doctor puts a thin, hollow tube through your vagina and into the ovary and follicles that hold your eggs. The needle is connected to a suction device that gently pulls the eggs out of each follicle.
In a lab, your eggs are mixed with a sperm cells from your partner or a donor — this is called insemination. The eggs and sperm are stored together in a special container, and than fertilization happens. For sperm that have lower motility (don’t swim as well), they may be injected directly into the eggs to promote fertilization (ICSI procedure). As the cells in the fertilized eggs divide and become embryos, people who work at the lab monitor the progress.
About 3-5 days after the egg retrieval, 1 or more embryos are put into uterus (this is called embryo transfer). The doctor slides a thin tube through cervix into uterus, and inserts the embryo directly into uterus through the tube. Again painfree procedure.
Pregnancy happens if any of the embryos attach to the lining of your uterus. Embryo transfer is done in our doctor’s office or in our fertility clinic.
Plan on resting for the rest of the day after your embryo transfer. You can go back to your normal activities the next day. You may also take pills or get daily shots of a hormone called progesterone for the first 8-10 weeks after the embryo transfer. The hormones make it easier for the embryo to survive in your uterus.
What are the side effects of IVF?
Like all medications and medical procedures, IVF has some risks and possible side effects. These include:
- breast tenderness
- mood swings
- bruising from shots
- allergic reaction to medicines
Our doctors are more than available to talk with you about any questions or concerns you have about IVF risks and side effects, and also solve them.
IVF can also be difficult emotionally, both for the person having the procedures and for their partner and/or family. Many people doing IVF treatments struggle with depression and anxiety throughout the process. We are there for you in these moments.
Talking with people who’ve been through fertility struggles and IVF can be really helpful if you’re feeling overwhelmed or discouraged. Online and in-person communities are also good places to meet people who understand what you’re going through and can offer advice and support. Counselors and therapists can also be sources of comfort.